[Reason] helps us to create a better world.
— Paul Bloom (1963), Why Do We Create Stereotypes?, NPR, 14 November 2014.
What none of us can achieve alone, all of us can achieve together.
— Jonathan Sacks (1948), Does Our Future Depend On More Dialogue?, NPR, 17 October 2017.
Frans De Waal (1948)
Professor of Primate Behaviour, Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta
[Humanity is] much more cooperative and empathic than given credit for. …
[There are two] pillars of morality. …
- One is reciprocity [coupled with] a sense of justice [and] fairness.
- And the other [is] empathy and compassion.
(Moral behavior in animals, 26 October 2011)
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Michael Sandel (1953)
In 2009, Scholastic, the world’s largest publisher of children’s books, distributed free curricular materials about the energy industry to sixty-six thousand fourth-grade teachers.
The curriculum, called the “United States of Energy,” was funded by the American Coal Foundation.
The industry-sponsored lesson plan highlighted the benefits of coal but made no mention of mining accidents, toxic waste, greenhouse gases, or other environmental effects.
In 1983, US companies spent $100 million advertising to children.
In 2005, they spent $16.8 billion.
Advertising encourages people to want things and to satisfy their desires.
Education encourages people to reflect critically on their desires, to restrain or to elevate them.
The purpose of advertising is to recruit consumers; the purpose of public schools is to cultivate citizens.
It isn’t easy to teach students to be citizens, capable of thinking critically about the world around them, when so much of childhood consists of basic training for a consumer society.
(What Money Can't Buy, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2012)
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Pillars of Morality
Political and Economic Democracy
The Spirit Level
- Why Did a Former Extremist Go Undercover To Fight Terrorism?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 15 December 2017.
Mubin Shaikh (1975): Counter-terrorism expert.
- Under The Taliban, How Can A Girl Attend School Undercover?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 15 December 2017.
- Can Free Breakfast Improve Learning?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 17 November 2017.
Sam Kass (1980).
- How Can We Be More Effective Altruists?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 26 May 2017.
Peter Singer (1946).
- Are We Wired To Be Altruistic?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 26 May 2017.
Abigail Marsh: Associate Professor of Psychology, Georgetown University.
- Why Is It So Hard To Ask For — And Offer — Forgiveness?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 12 May 2017.
- Why Should We Believe In Science?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 24 February 2017.
Naomi Oreskes (1958): Professor of History and Science Studies, University of California, San Diego.
- What's Race Got to Do with Medicine?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 10 February 2017.
Dorothy Roberts (1956): Professor of Law, University of Pennsylvania.
- After A Horrible Hate Crime, How Do You Not Hate Back?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 16 December 2016.
Suzanne Barakat: Resident Physician, UCSF.
- How Do You Make The International Community Care About The Refugee Crisis?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 1 April 2016.
Melissa Fleming: Head of Communications, UNHCR.
- Why Did Humans Become The Most Successful Species On Earth?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 4 March 2016.
Yuval Harari (1976): Professor of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
- How Do We Move Beyond The Darkest Moments In Our Lives?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 11 February 2016.
Monica Lewinsky (1973).
- What Is A 'Whitopia' — And What Might It Mean To Live There?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 20 November 2015.
Rich Benjamin: Anthropologist.
- How Did The World Wide Web Start?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 23 October 2015.
Tim Berners-Lee (1955): Director, W3C.
- Can Open Source Be Traced To The 17th-Century?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 23 October 2015.
Clay Shirky (1964): Social Media Theorist.
- Is There A Healthy Way To Think About Depression?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 6 November 2015.
Andrew Solomon (1963).
- When Do We Become The Final Version of Ourselves?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 19 June 2015.
Dan Gilbert (1957): Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Harvard University.
- Why Should We Look Forward To Getting Older?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 19 June 2015.
Laura Carstensen: Fairleigh S Dickinson Jr Professor in Public Policy & Professor of Psychology, Stanford University.
- How Do We Change When We Really Listen To The People We Love?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 5 June 2015.
David Isay (1965): Founder of StoryCorps.
- How Do We Listen When We're Unable to Hear?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 5 June 2015.
Evelyn Glennie (1965): Percussionist.
- How Should We Distribute Our Wealth?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 6 February 2015.
Nick Hanauer (1959): Plutocrat.
- How Can The Rule Of Law Bring "Justness" And Not Just Justice?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 12 December 2014.
Kimberley Motley: Lawyer.
- What Does Everyday Courage Look Like?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 12 December 2014.
Margaret Heffernan (1965): Author of Willful Blindness, Walker & Company, 2011.
- Can Comedy Break Stereotypes?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 November 2014.
Maz Jobrani (1972): Comedian.
- Why Do We Create Stereotypes?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 November 2014.
Paul Bloom (1963): Professor of Psychology, Yale University.
- What's The Line Between Stereotyping, Celebrating Culture?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 November 2014.
Sarah Jones: Playwright.
- How Do Our Worst Moments Shape Us?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 1 August 2014.
Andrew Solomon (1963): Psychologist.
- New thoughts on capital in the twenty-first century, June 2014.
Thomas Piketty: Professor, Paris School of Economics.
- Does Money Make You Mean?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 4 April 2014.
Paul Piff: Social Psychologist, University of California, Berkeley.
- Has Money Taken Over American Politics?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 March 2014.
Lawrence Lessig (1961): Director, Edmond J Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University.
- Why Can't We Talk About An Injustice? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 March 2014.
Bryan Stevenson (1959): Professor of Clinical Law, New York University.
- How Do You Construct A Voice? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 7 March 2014.
Rupal Patel: Director, Communication Analysis and Design Laboratory, Northeastern University.
- How Do We Cultivate Women Leaders? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 17 January 2014.
Sheryl Sandberg (1969): COO, Facebook.
- Can Grandmothers Change The World? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 14 January 2014.
Bunker Roy (1945): Founder, Barefoot College.
- Can One Girl Challenge The Traditions Of Her Village? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 20 December 2013.
Kakenya Ntaiya (1978).
- Does Body Language Shape Who You Are? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 13 December 2013.
Amy Cuddy: Professor of Social Psychology, Harvard University.
- How Does A Person Go From Believer To Atheist? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 22 November 2013.
Julia Sweeney (1959): Author, If It's Not One Thing, It's Your Mother.
- What's A Kinder Way To Frame Success? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 1 November 2013.
Alain de Botton (1969): Author, Status Anxiety, 2004.
- What Does Identity Mean For An Immigrant? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 11 October 2013.
Tan Le (1977).
- What Does It Mean To Be A Teenage Feminist Today? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 6 September 2013.
Tavi Gevinson (1996).
- Can Hacking The Stratosphere Solve Climate Change? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 9 August 2013.
David Keith: Environmental Scientist.
- Can Hacking The Brain Make You Healthier? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 9 August 2013.
Andres Lozano: Neurosurgeon.
- What Makes A Good Story? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 7 June 2013.
Andrew Stanton: Filmmaker.
- What Are The Clues To A Good Story? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 7 June 2013.
Andrew Stanton (1965).
- What Are The Dangers Of A Single Story? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 7 June 2013.
Chimamanda Adichie (1977): Author, The Thing Around Your Neck.
- Why we shouldn't trust markets with our civic life, June 2013.
Michael Sandel (1953): Philosopher.
- What Do China And The Banjo Have In Common? TED Radio Hour, NPR, 25 May 2013.
Abigail Washburn (1977).
- Memory Games, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 9 May 2013.
- Giving It Away, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 6 May 2013.
- Unstoppable learning, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 24 April 2013.
- Is Conflict Good For Progress?, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 11 March 2013.
Margaret Heffernan (1965).
- Peering Into Space, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 15 February 2013.
- Turning Points, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 24 June 2012.
- Building A Better Classroom, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 22 June 2012.
- Where Ideas Come From, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 6 June 2012.
- Our Buggy Brain, TED Radio Hour, NPR, 27 April 2012.
- How economic inequality harms societies, July 2011.
- How cognitive surplus will change the world , June 2010.
Clay Shirky (1964): Social Media Theorist.