Pokemon Go is the harbinger of the end of the world as we know it.
(Pokémon Go: Revolution, Fad or Omen?, The Minefield, 7 July 2016)
Dead Poet's Society demonstrates why Aristotle did not believe that you should teach children to think for themselves.
Because the first thing they need to be taught is obedience.
In other words, respect for a master; someone who knows more than they do.
The next thing they need to be taught is the proper place of the moral emotions.
They need to be able to feel what is good, [to] feel what is beautiful, before they should be empowered to think for themselves — much less [to] think critically.
Dead Poet's Society is this orgy of free thinking and the wilful casting off of tradition.
That is the least moral approach [to] how these sorts of things ought to be taught in schools. …
If we're thinking about ethics as critical thinking … or even [of] empowering kids to think for themselves and simply not adopt tradition, or whatever their parents said, especially at an early age …
This is nihilistic.
This is a recipe for disaster.
And, in fact, it's a counter-ethical or anti-ethical position to take.
(Does ethics belong in schools?, The Minefield>, 13 October, 2016)
Alvin Toffler (1928–2016):
… Herbert Spencer maintained that 'Education has for its object the formation of character', which, freely translated, means the seduction or terrorization of the young into the value systems of the old. (Future Shock, Pan, 1970, p 377)
[A] study of 15,000 college students in the US [by Jean Twenge and Kevin Campbell] showed that those from today's generation scored significantly higher on narcissistic personality traits than those from the two generations before.
Assistant Professor of Psychology, San Diego State University
[The] key difference between self-esteem and narcissism [is that somebody] high in self-esteem values individual achievement but they also value their relationships and caring for others.
Narcissists are missing that piece about valuing, caring and their relationships, so they tend to lack empathy, they have poor relationship skills.
[Those] communal and caring traits tend to be high in most people with self-esteem but not among those who are high in narcissism. …
[There] is a book called Good to Great that looks at the CEOs of companies …
[It turns out] that the most successful CEOs were not the narcissistic ones, it was those who were humble and hard-working and gave their teams credit.
They were team players, they got along well with others. …
So in a stock market simulation … when the stock market is going up, people who score high in narcissism, they do well, but the minute it goes down they crash harder than everyone else. …
[There is evidence of a] generational shift toward more narcissism … across many age groups …
- there is more materialism,
- that plastic surgery rates have gone up so much,
- that people are buying bigger houses so each person can have more space,
- that there is troubles in relationships. …
[People who are narcissistic … are actually less successful [in the long run] because they take too many risks, they are overconfident instead of just confident.
[And they] tend to alienate other people because they don't care about others.
[The] key to success, sure, having some self-efficacy, which is different from self-esteem, thinking — yes, I know I can do this — that's beneficial.
Self-control and hard work, that's beneficial.
And perspective-taking, something that narcissists don't do very well, to take someone else's perspective, to think about what it's like to walk around in their shoes.
That is so useful for getting along with people, whether that's at work or in your relationships.
[So it is] those qualities — self-efficacy, self-control, perspective-taking [— that] are actually more likely to lead to success than self-esteem or narcissism. …
[There] is some indication that is a little more interest in social problems and … caring for others than there was five or six years ago.
So the recession … may put the brakes on some aspects of narcissism.
[The] interesting question is what's going to happen when the economy comes back?
Will the caring and concern for others and interest in social problems and equality fade again as the economy improves?
(The Narcissism Epidemic, All In The Mind, 21 December 2014)
Would you like to know more?
Gordon Parker [Scientia Professor of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales]:
[Bipolar I captures] what the term manic depression used to describe in the old days, and the individual is often quite psychotic at those times.
Bipolar II is where the individual has the mood swings but never is psychotic.
(Turbulent Minds, All In The Mind, 2 April 2017)
Bipolar I [is] characterized by the occurrence of at least one manic or mixed episode.
(15 April 2017)
A manic episode is defined [in DSM 5] as a "distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased activity or energy, lasting at least 1 week and present most of the day, nearly every day (or any duration if hospitalization is necessary)," where the mood is not caused by drugs/medication or a medical illness ... and
- is causing obvious difficulties at work or in social relationships and activities, or
- requires admission to hospital to protect the person or others, or
- the person is suffering psychosis.
[There's] one mood stabiliser that does very well with bipolar I, there is a quite differing mood stabiliser that does exceptionally well with bipolar II.
[Lamotrigine] appears to be more effective in bipolar II than bipolar I, suggesting that [it] is more effective for the treatment of depressive rather than manic episodes. …
A large, multicentre trial comparing carbamazepine and lithium over two and a half years found that carbamazepine was superior in terms of preventing future episodes of bipolar II, although lithium was superior in individuals with bipolar I.
(15 April 2017)
Kaplan & Sadock:
[The] modern discovery of hundreds of new cases of the [multiple personality] disorder is forcing a reappraisal of its rarity, although there are not as yet sufficient data to permit a reliable determination of its incidence.
The recent revival of interest in multiple personality disorder has led a renewed enthusiasm for treatment of such patients with prolonged psychotherapy. …
[However,] experience in treating dissociative disorders is Iimited, and the value and effectiveness of prolonged psychotherapy cannot be dogmatically asserted.
(Dissociative Disorders (Hysterical Neuroses, Dissociative Type), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Ed, Williams & Wilkins, 1989, p 1038)
Kendell & Zealley:
[Multiple personality] is extremely rare and some doubt its existence outside literature and psychoanalysis. …
The most dramatic cases have been described during the course of psychoanalytic treatment.
The well-published case of Kenneth Bianchi, the Californian 'Hillside Strangler' who faked multiple personality and hypnosis to avoid the death penalty and completely fooled many 'expert' psychiatrists and psychologists was a salutary lesson to supporters of this concept.
(Neurotic Disorders, Companion to Psychiatric Studies, 5th Ed, Churchill Livingstone, 1993, p 511)
DID is one of the most controversial psychiatric disorders, with no clear consensus on diagnostic criteria or treatment. …
No systematic, empirically supported definition of "dissociation" exists.
[Neither] epidemiological surveys nor longitudinal studies have been conducted …
DID is diagnosed more frequently in North America than in the rest of the world …
The prevalence of DID diagnoses increased greatly in the latter half of the 20th century, along with the number of identities (often referred to as "alters") claimed by patients (increasing from an average of two or three to approximately 16). …
DID became a popular diagnosis in the 1970s, 80s and 90s, but it is unclear
- if the actual rate of the disorder increased,
- if it was more recognized by health care providers, or
- if sociocultural factors caused an increase in therapy-induced (iatrogenic) presentations.
(9 March 2017)
Charles Rycroft (1914–98) [Psychoanalyst]:
Dissociation of the personality is … extremely rare — so rare, indeed, that one has to take seriously the possibility that it may be a social and psychiatric artefact [that] can only occur if:
- prevailing views on the nature of personality make it conceivable that two personalities can occupy the same bodily frame, and
- the [person] encounters a psychiatrist who believes in, or is already interested in, dissociation of the personality.
The great majority of the physicians reporting cases … have been men [treating] women younger than themselves. …
Hysterical dissociation states, including dissociation of the personality, seem … to have more to do with the psychology of deception and self-deception than with any innate or acquired incapacity for integration.
(Dissociation of Personality, Oxford Companion to the Mind, Richard Gregory, Editor, Oxford University Press, 1987, pp 197-8)
Bernard Keane [Canberra Correspondent, Crikey.com]
Kim Williams [CEO, News Limited] is smart enough to know that there's no threat whatsoever from the self-regulatory proposals put forward by [Stephen] Conroy about journalistic standards [ie free speech].
The real problem for News Limited, and other media companies, is in the Public Interest Test …
[This introduces] a new hurdle which media companies have to get over in addition to … competition policy [and the] media ownership laws we already have.
[No one knows how a] Public Interest Media Advocate [would] come out on particular media mergers. …
News Limited would ultimately like to take out Telstra's share of Foxtel and have that highly profitable asset unto itself. …
There's nothing in the current media rules that say News Limited couldn't wholly own Foxtel.
But, under the public interest test … we don't know how the public interest in such a transaction would be interpreted.
Would it be a substantial lessening of diversity?
Would there be a public benefit to it to outweigh the reduction in diversity? …
Media company lawyers [and media diversity advocates] don't know. …
[There's uncertainty] how this test would play out.
(Reporting on yourself — media coverage of its own reform and regulation, Media Report, 14 March 2013)