To understand Marx psychologically, one should use the following dictionary:
|The Elect||The Proletariat|
|The Church||The Communist Party|
|The Second Coming||The Revolution|
|Hell||Punishment of the Capitalists|
|The Millennium||The Communist Commonwealth|
In the welter of conflicting fanaticisms, one of the few unifying forces is scientific truthfulness, by which I mean the habit of basing our beliefs upon observations and inferences as impersonal, and as much divested of local and temperamental bias, as is possible for human beings. …
The habit of careful veracity acquired in the practice of this philosophical method can be extended to the whole sphere of human activity, producing, wherever it exists, a lessening of fanaticism with an increasing capacity of sympathy and mutual understanding.
(A History of Western Philosophy, 1961)
Collective fear stimulates herd instinct, and tends to produce ferocity toward those who are not regarded as members of the herd. …
[It] is to be feared that the Nazis, as defeat draws nearer, will increase the intensity of their campaign for exterminating Jews.
(Power, p 205)
Would you like to know more?
Belief, when it is not simply traditional, is a product of several factors:
- evidence, and
- iteration. …
More propaganda is necessary to cause acceptance of a belief for which there is little evidence than of one for which the evidence is strong …
One of the advantages of democracy, from the governmental point of view, is that it makes the average citizen easier to deceive, since he regards the government as his government.
In the totalitarian countries, the State is virtually the sole propagandist.
The effect of organisation and unification, in the matter of propaganda as in other matters, is to delay revolution, but to make it more violent when it comes.
When only one doctrine is officially allowed, men get no practice in thinking or in weighing alternatives …
[Consequently,] only a great wave of passionate revolt can dethrone orthodoxy …
[Therefore] revolution in a totalitarian State is not necessarily a ground for rejoicing.
What is more to be desired is a gradual increase in the sense of security, leading to a lessening of zeal, and giving an opening for laziness — the greatest of all virtues in the ruler of a totalitarian State, with the sole exception of non-existence.